読者です 読者をやめる 読者になる 読者になる

toefl og writing answer

test 1

The author of the reading passage presents some examples of altruism contending that animals actually sacrifice themself for others. However the professor casts doubt on them providing information that shows that what is writen in the text is debatable.
The first proof mentioned in the passage is that in meerkat society there is a role to look outside standing to check if predator is comming while members of community are hanting and eating. The author of the passage implies that while waiting, such guards cannot take food and may get hungly. Conversery, the professor negates this contending that meerkat which already take food do work as guard. Thus they are enough full. This is in the contradiction to what is written in the passage.
The second example given in the passage is that when a guard find predators and give alarm, he is alone and is more likely to be hunted. In contrast, the professor contradicts this asserting that guard can run away from predator easily than others. Reasons of it are that guard is the first one which notices comming danger, is close to place to live and hide, and by giving alert it can distract predator's attention to him.
The third illustration demonstrated in the text is that human sometimes give food even to strangers without expectiong much rewords. On the contrary, the professor is in opposition to this and states that people act nicely expectiong something in return. The professor says that return may be social approval or sence of self-worthy.


In conclution, the main argumants of the professor make the claims of the passage more doubltful.In conclution, the main argumants of the professor make the claims of the passage more doubltful.In conclution, the main argumants of the professor make the claims of the passage more doubltful.

toefl writing indipendent task

添削済み

Different people have different ideas about what the most important thing to improve in my hometown is. Some people may think that it is better to put more vending machines on the main street, while others may think that it is necessary to expand width of a road/the roads. As for me, I think the most important possible enhancement in my hometown is to refurbish the small and old station.

 

The first reason to support this stance is that it can save future costs. Now the station in my hometown is too old and is constantly being renovated. After repairing one place in the station, immediately, they need to fix another place. In addition, some locals agree that if they do not rebuild the station from scratch, they never be able to finish renovation. In the long run, rebuilding can save costs in comparison to fixing one malfunction at a time.

 

The second justification to put faith on this view is that by expanding station we can avoid current possible dangers. Right now, the station is too small considering the number of people who use it. In fact, the front of station it is constantly/often congested, which may cause dangerous problems. To further explain my argument, I will give an example from personal experience. Around 6:00PM the station is crowded with people who are leaving from their workplace, and during this time, I have witnessed collisions between pedestrians and bicycles. To prevent this potential issue, it is surely necessary to completely rebuild the station. As the experience above illustrates, by expanding station, we can avoid such possible dangers.

 

Lastly, the third motive to refurbish the station is that it can vitalize the town. New, fancy buildings can attract many foreign tourists. Nowadays, more and more foreigners come to Japan to see “strange” Japanese things. When going to a small town in the northern part of Japan, I was indeed surprised to find that lots of foreigners visit that village just to see a strange building. This experience demonstrates that new, fancy buildings can attract many foreign tourists and vitalize a town.

 

In conclusion, while there may be arguments to be made, either agreeing or disagreeing with my opinion, I personally am convinced that the most important possible enhancement in my hometown is to refurbish the station.

toefl writing

 

文字数カウンター

http://blog.livedoor.jp/n_shuyo/archives/65664359.html

 

続きを読む

toefl speaking

task 1 自分の好みなど

ans

--- for two reasons.

Firstly, 理由、具体例

secondly, 理由、具体例

 

サポートは自分の経験(嘘)を話していい。もしくは~と本で読んだ。

 

スピーキングのトピックはライティングのトピックと被るからそれで練習しておいてもok

http://toeflibt101.com/post-707.html

http://aoitani.net/TOEFL_Speech/TOEFL_Speaking.doc

http://micasasucasa.blog120.fc2.com/blog-category-23.html

 

task2の対策→task5の対策にもなる

 

ライフスタイルは様々なので個人単位で豊かになる方法のほうがいい(働く場所の自由)

unique, tradicitional

家族は多いほうがいい

*旅

知らないものを知って視野を広げる

地域活性化

*ハワイ--- wedding anniversary, new year, 将来住みたい

海が好き

ハワイ料理

*海 cleanliness

きれいな海で魚が見れる

レストランで海鮮料理 fresh cuisine with unique taste which you cannot enjoy anywhere else but there

*エジソン

/聞きたいこと/

どのように考えて開発したのか

今の技術ではなにが作れるのか

/尊敬/

科学的知識ではなく人類への貢献を優先

研究員にやさしかった

*ビルゲイツ

/会いたい理由/

どのような考え方でものを作るのか

投資家として将来のコネ

/尊敬/

科学的知識ではなく人類への貢献を優先

研究員にやさしかった

*先生

/いいところ/

生徒の理解度に合わせた教え方

生徒の興味に合わせた教え方(実世界でのpractical usageを教えてくれる)

/だめなところ/

全員に同じ

理論だけ

*象牙のボールペン

おじいさんからもらった思い出

thing to write down on は見つかるけどthing to write は見つからない

カッターもついているので便利 utility knife

*ゴミ拾い pick up rubbish

/人生最後/

感謝の表し方 show gratefulness to people around me

好きなものになにかしたい do something to what I love

/好きなこと//ストレス発散/

何も考えないで済む simple work concentrate on what you do

達成感 sence of accomplishment 社会への貢献

*技術

/いいところ/

距離に関係のないコミュニケーション

意見の発信

勉強の機会

/悪いところ/

コミュニケーションが希薄

情報が不確か

*性格

creativity

mental flexibility

 

 

田舎

人のかかわりが強い

自然があって健康

都会

いろんな人がいる

いろんなイベントがある

いろんなところに簡単に行ける

 

人が多いと経済が豊かになる

 

まーくできるので後から振り返りやすい

情報が文字だけなので受け取りかたは人それぞれ。比較するのが楽しい

映画

 

 

子供-田舎のほうがいい。

大人-都会のほうがいい

 

仕事は人生の短い時間。仕事以外の時間は友達や家族と過ごすからそっちのほうが大切

経営関連本のまとめ

どう差別化するか

外国語、体験、若者がホスト

 

どんな客を求めているのか

かっこいい若者、心の若い大人、長期滞在、信頼のできる人

 

フロントとバックの商品はなにか

安い宿泊

-----------------

ご飯代

お土産代

物のレンタル

ポケットwifi or sim

 

どう求めている客を得るか

一人での予約だと割高にする、長期利用の割引を行う=清掃費高め

交流重視をアピール、動画のアップ、ブログの作成、FB

 

付加価値を必要な価値として演出する

日本語がわからないことによるトラブルの事例

友達を作らないなんてもったいない

 

twitter

筋トレのサプリ

サプリとしていろいろ買ったのでその使用法についてまとめることにする。

 

-ホエイ

-フィッシュオイル

-マルチビタミン 半分

 

筋トレ前

-bcaa10g(45分前)

-カフェイン(300mg)缶コーヒーは100-150

-グルタミン5g

-糖分

 

筋トレ後

-グルタミン5g

-ホエイ

-クレアチン

-糖分

 

寝る前

-ソイ+牛乳

-マルチビタミン

 

 

 

 

ベース

プロテイン

-ホエイプロテイン

 寝起きと筋トレ直後

-ソイプロテイン

 それ以外。寝るときは牛乳にといてのもう

マルチビタミン&ミネラル

 半分に砕いて朝晩飲むといいらしい 

クレアチン

 プロテイン+糖質と一緒に摂取。

ローディング5g*4*7日

  • 朝食後 5g
  • トレーニング前 5g
  • トレーニング後 5g
  • 夕食後 or 就寝前 5g

維持5g*一か月 筋トレ後 プロテイン+糖質

その後一か月休む

 

 

 

 

マイナンバーについて

https://www.kojinbango-card.go.jp/kofushinse/pc.html

ここから申請ができる。申請はいつでもできる